The plantar fascia is connective tissue that originates at the heel bone and fans out to attach to the base of each toe. There are many muscles, tendons, nerves and bones that lay beneath the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia also helps support the arch of your foot and act as a shock absorber.
Plantar Fasciitis occurs when there is strain to this connective tissue. Repetitive strain causes micro tearing of the tissue, which then leads to swelling, irritation, pain, and dysfunction.
- Excessive pronation (inward rolling of your feet)
- Very low arch (pes planus) or very high arch (pes cavus)
- Tight calf muscles or achilles tendon
- Prolonged standing on hard surfaces
- Improper shoes or shoes that are worn
- Stabbing pain in your heel with your first few steps after you have been sitting for a prolonged period of time or when you get out of bed
- Pain after prolonged stand, walk, or run
- Ache on the bottom of your foot at the end of the day
Things That May Help:
- New, supportive footwear
- Stretching your calves and hamstrings
- Rolling a frozen bottle of water or an Acuball under your foot
- Manual treatment to help decrease adhesions in your plantar fascia, and to help correct mechanical dysfunction in your lower leg.